Many specialists at the mid-to-advanced stage of their career hope to expand their work to an international level, for example, by serving on an international committee, taking up a position within a globally active nongovernmental organization, or taking a visiting professorship or sabbatical at a university overseas. Goals can include raising awareness, spreading knowledge, and disseminating working practices in specific populations or in society as a whole.

A number of documents are needed when applying for such positions, and all must be written with great care and attention to detail. Among these documents, the curriculum vitae (CV) or resume/résumé is usually the first document that is read during the screening process. As such, it needs to highlight the candidate's suitability for the position quickly, accurately, and clearly.