Generally, fluent speakers of a language have more words available to them, and they often know many different ways to express the same idea. Especially in literary writing, such as in fiction, writers are encouraged to vary their prose by using many close synonyms, instead of repeating the same word many times.
However, research papers should be written with the primary aim of conveying the content, rather than showing off writing ability. Because the standard assumption in research papers is that technical terms will be used consistently, it can create confusion when the same idea is referred to with inconsistent terminology.
For example, "solar cells" and "photovoltaic cells" have the same meaning, but if you switch between them, you may unintentionally imply that they are different things. Especially when making a contrast—for example, "Increasing the efficiency of solar cells is an ongoing challenge. However, photovoltaic cells are a rapidly growing technology"— probably the reader will assume you are making a distinction between the two terms.
By writing simply—focusing on ideas first and language only secondarily—authors at varying levels of skill can produce strong, clear, coherent papers. Simple writing can make the process of writing easier and improve the readability of the paper.
To avoid possible confusion, choose one word or phrase for each of the key concepts of your paper and use that word each time, rather than cycling among synonyms.
If more than one word/phrase is commonly used in your field, you can specify which one you are choosing where it first appears and list the other parenthetically on the first mention. Writing "Increasing the efficiency of solar cells (also known as photovoltaic cells) is…" will clarify that you will be using "solar cells" throughout, but also presents the alternative term clearly to readers. It also has the added benefit of keeping the alternative term in your paper for the purpose of text searches and web indexing.